Installing Java 7 on Mac OS X

While you can download the binaries for Java 7 for Windows and Linux from here, the instructions for setting up Java 7 for Mac OS X are a lot more tedious.

Here are the official instructions for Mac OS X: http://wikis.sun.com/display/OpenJDK/Mac+OS+X+Port

You can follow the instructions line by line and get Java 7 installed on your machine. However, these are the things that might go wrong:

Missing binaries in /bin

The installation expects a bunch of binaries to be present in /bin. However, on my Mac OS X, these binaries were present in /usr/bin/. My workaround was to create symlinks in the /bin directories to make the build happy.

cd /bin/
ln -s /usr/bin/sed
ln -s /usr/bin/grep

Repeat the above for each binary that is reported missing in /bin.

Missing jni.h

Make sure that the version of XCode is 3.2.5 or more. I had a 3.2.4 version and that didn’t work.

Building JTReg did not work due to a known bug

It is mentioned in the JTReg build documentation but easy to miss it. The following does not work due to a know bug:

make -C make

Instead try this:

make -C make build

Wrong installation directory in the official instructions

The official instructions ask you to do this:

mkdir -p ~/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines
cp -R build/macosx-universal/j2sdk-bundle/1.7.0.jdk ~/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines

That didn’t work for me. Here’s what worked for me:

mkdir -p /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines
cp -R build/macosx-universal/j2sdk-bundle/1.7.0.jdk /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines

Finally, setting up env vars

The easiest way to make confirm that Java 7 is successfully installed is:

/usr/libexec/java_home --version 1.7

The output of the above should be:

/System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.7.0.jdk/Contents/Home

Then type ‘java -version’ against the above installation

/System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.7.0.jdk/Contents/Home/bin/java -version
openjdk version "1.7.0-internal"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0-internal-root_2011_03_16_17_41-b00)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 21.0-b03, mixed mode)

Since I use Java 1.6 on the same machine, I saved the 1.7 path as follows:

export JAVA7_HOME=/System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.7.0.jdk/Contents/Home

This lets me conveniently switch to Java7, when I need to, and back:

export JAVA_HOME=$JAVA7_HOME

Switch back:

export JAVA_HOME=$JAVA6_HOME

Using Java7

Simplest way to use test Java7 is via command line

export JAVA_HOME=$JAVA7_HOME
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

Compile

javac Test.java

Run

java Test

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  2. Java Barcode API
  3. Java 7: New Feature – automatically close Files and resources in try-catch-finally

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